The skin is the body's most extensive organ, and among other functions it assumes the role of being a protective barrier against environmental inclemency and protection against pathogens, as well as constituting a true prodigy of nature.
Also, sometimes stains usually appear that can seriously change the appearance and even represent threats to our health, so it is important to observe and care for our skin permanently.
There are those who define the blemishes of the skin as a loss of the original coloration, because, mainly, exposure to sun or aging, however, may also be symptoms of nutritional deficiencies (minerals such as iron or calcium, or Vitamins A, B, and E).
On the other hand, changes in skin pigmentation may be due to the side effect of the application of cosmetics or medicines-the contraceptive pill, for example-and even by the hormonal changes that act on melanocytes, responsible for the Skin blemishes.
Although it is true that disorders of this type usually only have implications that affect the aesthetic appearance, which already suggests the solution, could also involve health problems, so you have to be vigilant.
Thus, any noticeable variation in skin coloration should be consulted with the doctor.
Very broadly, the skin spots are classified as white and dark, which is more technically known as depigmentation and hyperpigmentation, according to Tuasaude reports.
Hyperpigmentation is the most common, caused by overexposure to the sun. Solar rays stimulate the production of melamine (skin pigment).
Types of skin blemishes
It is a dark spot that appears on the face, close to the cheeks and forehead, being more frequent during pregnancy or menopause due to hormonal changes; In these circumstances, melanocytes that concentrate on certain areas of the face are stimulated.
How to remove: Apply daily, on stains, a sunscreen with the maximum protection factor, avoiding prolonged exposure to the sun and proximity to heat sources, for example, entering the car that has been parked for a long time in the sun, or Use the oven.
On the other hand, it is useful to apply a cream or ointment to clarify the skin; An indicated product could be hydroquinone, but only for up to 4 weeks, other options are the placement of Vitanol and creams with acids such as klassis or Adapalene.
2. Sun-caused stains
- Stains caused by the sun.
- This type of stains appear in people who stay exposed to the sun for a long time without using sunscreen, regardless of whether their skin is clear or dark.
They are more frequent in the hands, arms, face and neck, and usually appear after 40 years, but young people are also susceptible.
How to remove: exfoliation is best suited to remove clear, superficial stains every two weeks. When the amount of stains is excessive it is advisable to consult with the dermatologist to indicate the most suitable products.
This is important because when you have many spots of this type, if you are older, the risk of developing skin cancer is greater, and the doctor will be able to assess whether the stains you possess make it propitious or not.
Also, the use of creams to clarify may be a good option, but treatments such as laser, intense pulsed light and peeling also give excellent results.
3. Red spots on the skinRed spots on the skin.
For its part, this type of skin conditions indicates a dermatitis, which is manifested through red spots, and can be the result of an allergy, reaching browns that itch and usually appear after eating allergen food, such as The shrimp, the strawberry or the peanuts.
These spots may also arise after applying skin products such as creams, perfumes or cosmetics, or using objects that are in contact with the skin such as bracelets or necklaces.
How to remove: It may be recommended to apply a corticosteroid-based cream twice a day until symptoms decrease. It is recommended to consult a dermatologist to identify the cause of the allergy, so that you can avoid contact with what caused it.
4. Mycosis or Pityriasis versicolor
In turn, Pityriasis versicolor, also known as the beach fungus, mycosis, arises as an infection caused by a fungus that causes several small and white spots, and that over time it spreads throughout the skin.
Usually people believe that the fungus was caught on the beach, but normally it is not, what happens is that after tanning is more easily observed the presence of these whitish areas.
Thus, the cause of this mycosis is a fungus that lives in the human skin, in controlled quantity, but when the immune system of the person is compromised it is common to generate a greater proliferation of it.
How to remove: In this case, it is recommended to apply an antifungal cream on the skin, 2 times a day, for 3 weeks. When the area to be treated is very large, involving the entire back, it may be necessary to take an oral antifungal, such as fluconazole, under medical indication.
5. Stain or burn caused by lemonLemon Burn.
Phytophotodermatitis is the scientific name for skin lesions caused by lemon. It is enough that the juice is in contact with the skin of the person and immediately it is exposed to the sun, the following is that the skin reacts to the sun, can generate a burn or small dark spots on the skin, especially in the hands.
How to remove: It is recommended to wash the skin thoroughly, apply a cream with Hydroquinone, 3 to 4 times a day. Avoid placing products on affected skin such as perfumes or cosmetics. It is also important to always use the sunscreen on the affected area so that the treatment is effective.
6. Diabetes StainsSkin Stain acanthosis nigricans.
Acanthosis nigricans is the scientific name for dark spots that arise around the neck, cutaneous folds, armpits, and below the breasts.
These spots arise in people who have insulin resistance or diabetes. However, although it is rarer, they can also occur in people with cancer.
How to remove: You should consult the dermatologist, who will prescribe whitening creams and identify the cause of acanthosis nigricans. In addition, when it is caused by excess weight, the patient should be thinning as this will facilitate the treatment to uniforme the tone of the skin.
7. VitiligoVitiligo in the hands.
Vitiligo is a disease that causes white patches to appear on the skin, especially in places such as genitals, elbows, knees, faces, feet, and hands. It may arise at any age and its causes are not yet known.
How to remove: It is recommended to consult the dermatologist to begin the appropriate treatment according to each particular case. Creams that unify the tone of the skin may be used, but the use of sunscreen is essential because clear skin is more likely to develop skin cancer.
8. Face blemishes due to acneAcne.
The pimple scar is a very common cause of skin blemishes in young teenagers, mainly arising after the treatment of severe acne, for example.
How to remove: a good treatment to unify the skin tone is to pass Rosehip Oil 2 to 3 times a day on the scar, avoiding exposure to the sun.
But besides this it is also important to maintain the oilyness of the controlled skin, with anti-acne treatments.
When the person no longer has any black spots or blackheads can be indicated treatments to clarify the skin such as the use of creams with acids, peeling with acids, microneedle and aesthetic treatments such as laser or pulsed light.
How to remove birthmarks or stains from birth
Birthmarks may be reddish or darker than skin tone, and generally do not respond well to any type of treatment being a characteristic that the person possesses.
But when it causes a lot of embarrassment, the person can go to the dermatologist to evaluate the treatments that can be indicated, because it will depend on their location and the depth of each stain.
The peeling with acids that removes the outermost and intermediate layer of the skin and the laser treatment may be some options indicated to remove this type of stain.
Care to increase treatment success
The 4 essential care to prevent the emergence of new spots on the skin, and to prevent those that already exist are still darker, are:
Always pass a sunscreen with high protection factor before leaving the house.
Moisturize daily The skin of the whole body, including the face, using own creams for each type of skin tissue.
Avoid excessive sun exposure.
Do not squeeze blackheads or black spots as they may leave dark marks on the skin.
These care should be taken during the treatment of any type of stain on the skin.
Healthy, well-cared-for skin is a reflection of good health and reflects the responsibility it is treated by the person who looks at it.
This article was written in an informative way and does not intend to replace the opinion of a specialist at all. If you have any concerns, consult your doctor.
Jose Ignacio Hermosa-BLes