The tears of San Lorenzo, the meteor shower that happens every year during the months of July and August, will be seen in Spain in its maximum level of activity between the 22.00 (Peninsular time) next Sunday 12 and until 10.00 on Monday 13. This year the Perseids will look "excellent" thanks to the period of maximum rhythm of meteors almost coincides with the new moon of August 11, which guarantees a darkness in the sky ideal to observe, as reported by the National Geographic Institute.
This astronomical phenomenon, visible throughout the northern hemisphere, usually occurs between July 17th and August 24th. Although it is usually the nights of August 11th to 13th when these "Shooting stars" reach a maximum rate of up to 200 meteors in one hour if the visibility conditions are optimal.
The Perseids are produced by the trail of gases, dust and rocky materials that leave the kites during their orbit around the sun. Each kite thus forming a ring in which there are numerous cometary fragments. When the earth, in its movement around the sun, finds one of these rings, some of the rocky fragments (meteoroids) are caught by their gravitational field and fall at high speed through the atmosphere forming a shower of meteors. Friction with atmospheric gases calcines and vaporizes meteors that appear bright for a fraction of a second, forming what is popularly referred to as "Shooting stars."
To be able to enjoy the tears of San Lorenzo, the astronomical section of the National Institute of Geography recommends to go to a dark place where there are no trees, buildings or mountains that hinder the view. It also does not recommend using optical instruments to reduce the field of view. "The most comfortable thing is to lie down and wait for the view to get used to the dark," they advise from the organism.